# What Do You Know About Basic Finance?

Shai K.
The world runs on many things, but one of them is surely finance. The economy, our personal finances - these are things that have a LOT of impact on our lives, sorry to say. It's important, then, these days, to know some basic finance. Today's quiz is going to ask you a few basic questions about finance, see if you can ace them!

True or False: Investments that are riskier tend to provide higher returns over time than investments with less risk.
True
False

Ideally, how many months of living expenses should you keep in an emergency fund?
3-6 months
1-2 months
6-12 months
12-18 months

If you needed to borrow \$300 and agreed to pay it all back the following month, which would be the lower amount to pay back: \$315 or \$300 plus 5% interest?
315
300 + 5% interest
Same

How much life insurance should you purchase if your annual income is \$50,000?
\$500,000
\$1,000,000
\$250,000
\$150,000

If you invest \$10,000 today and earn 8% interest annually, assuming you do not withdraw from or add to the investment, how long will it take for the original investment amount to double in value?
5-15 years
1-5 years
15-25 years

Imagine you have \$40,000 to invest and you want a relatively low risk option. Which of the following options would generally present the lowest risk?
Putting all of the money into a fund that tracks the performance of a major stock market index, such as the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones
Putting all of the money into two stocks
Putting all of the money into one stock
Putting all of the money into a new business

Suppose you invest \$1,000 in an account providing 5% return each year, so at the end of Year 1, you will earn \$50. If you don’t add to that investment and you do not withdraw anything, approximately how much will you earn in interest at the end of Year 5?
More than \$50
\$50
Less than \$50

Imagine that the interest rate on your savings account is 1% per year and the inflation rate is 2% per year. After one year, how much would you be able to buy with the money in this account?
Less than today
Same
More

Which type of asset generally grows more in value over long periods: stocks, bonds or real estate?
Stocks
Bonds
Real Estate

When interest rates rise, what typically happens to bond prices?
Fall
Rise
Stay the same

Which ISN'T a difference between a checking account and a savings account?
You can only transfer money from checking accounts to savings
Checking accounts are designed for regular use
Savings accounts are designed for investing long term
A savings account can’t be used for automatic bill pay
Only savings accounts earn interest

Which of these can be used by banks to control inflation?
Reducing the Money Supply
Reduce the amount of imports
Reduce requirements for loans
Reduce interest on loans

What is the lower risk investment?
High-yield savings account
money market funds
Corporate bonds
Preferred stocks
Shall We Try Again?
Finance and math may not be your strong suit, but that doesn't mean you can't always learn more about it. Not knowing enough finance leaves us vulnerable to scams and unjust banking practices. We recommend you learn more about it to arm yourselves against such things.
You Know Some Finance!
Thank goodness! It's so important to know some basic financial information these days, or we will succumb to fraud and unfair practices. You definitely know quite a bit about financial matters, but still not perfectly. How about looking at our answers to see where you did go wrong?
Financial Maverick
Well then, seems like you need no lesson from us! You know the financial terms, you know the financial thinking, too. This may have been a basic quiz, but we will come back at you with more advanced ones, so prepare yourself!
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