1. Baking soda and cream of tartar
Remember that most store-bought baking powders are a mixture of baking soda and cream of tartar? So, if you don’t have baking powder but you can find some baking soda and cream of tartar in your pantry, making your own baking powder is pretty easy. Just mix together 1 teaspoon baking soda with 2 teaspoons cream of tartar, and voila, you have 1 tablespoon of fresh baking powder.
Cream of tartar can also be used to stabilize creams and egg whites in baking, so it’s a good ingredient to have, in general.
2. Baking soda and vinegar
Any other acidic agent can be used in baked goods in conjunction with baking soda to make the batter rise. Follow the same ratio as before if you’re using white vinegar to substitute baking powder and combine ¼ teaspoon baking soda with ½ teaspoon of vinegar to replace 1 teaspoon of baking powder in a recipe.
Combining the two ingredients will make them fizz up immediately, so it’s best to do it quickly and work the bubbly mixture into the batter fast to make sure that the batter rises evenly. If you’re worried that the baking soda and vinegar mixture could alter the taste of the batter, add in a pinch of sugar to compensate for the taste of vinegar.
3. Carbonated drinks
Great news for pancake lovers - you can make your favorite breakfast even if you don’t have baking powder or baking soda in the kitchen. You can substitute baking powder with anything carbonated, be it club soda or mineral water. The bubbles in the carbonated drink will act as a leavening agent.
The only caveat is that club soda and other fizzy drinks are not as strong as baking soda, so this trick only works for recipes that require a little leavening, like crapes or pancakes. For best results, replace all the liquids in the recipe for unflavored seltzer whenever possible.
4. Lemon juice and baking soda
Another acidic ingredient that can easily be combined with baking soda to make delicious baked goods is lemon juice. The active leavening ingredient in lemon juice is citric acid, which is stronger than cream of tartar and vinegar, so it will cause more bubbles. Follow the same ratio as we did with other acids - 2 parts lemon juice to 1 part baking soda. Keep in mind that the lemon juice could impart a lemony flavor to baked goods, so if you’re not a fan of that, it’s better to use vinegar.
5. Self-rising flour
Chances are that you won’t need to use anything to substitute the baking powder. As the name suggests, self-rising flour doesn’t require any baking powder or baking soda to rise. If you use self-rising flour, it already contains baking powder and salt, so it will rise without any extra leavening ingredients.
6. Buttermilk, yogurt, kefir
If your recipe calls for dairy, a good way to replace baking soda is to use any kind of unflavored and liquid fermented dairy in conjunction with baking soda. Buttermilk, plain white yogurt, kefir, and even sour milk all work pretty well for this task. Although you may not think about it, all of these dairy products are slightly sour due to the acid they contain, so they will help your batter rise.
To replace 1 teaspoon of baking powder, combine ¼ teaspoon baking soda with ½ cup (122 g) buttermilk or any other dairy product mentioned above. It’s also necessary to reduce the general amount of other liquids in the recipe by the same amount of buttermilk used - ½ cup, in our example. This is necessary to maintain the right consistency of the batter.
7. Whipped egg whites
Even if you have none of the ingredients we listed above and your recipe calls for eggs, there’s a way around a lack of baking powder. Separate the egg yolks from the egg whites, and then whip up the egg whites to stiff peaks. Gently fold the egg whites into the batter, and you’ll have a light and fluffy texture even without the use of any leavening ingredients. This trick works very well for waffles and pancakes!
Molasses is a sticky and sweet substance often used to replace sugar in recipes. It may not strike you as an acidic ingredient, but it actually contains enough acids to be used in conjunction with baking soda. Since it’s quite a bit weaker than lemon juice and vinegar, you’ll need to use a bit more to get enough leavening.
The equivalent of 1 teaspoon of baking powder is ¼ teaspoon baking soda and ¼ cup (84 g) molasses. That’s quite a lot, so be prepared to feel the taste of molasses in the recipe. Since molasses is liquid and sweet, you’ll also need to reduce the amount of liquid by ¼ cup and add less sweetener too.
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