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The Five Factor Model to Determine a Person’s Personality

 Do you believe that a person's character can be determined through only five factors? Psychologists Paul Costa and Robert McCrae thought they could, and already in 1978, they published an article in which they stated that they were able to determine the character of people according to five indicators they set, each with three main characteristics. In 1985, other psychologists continued their research and added two more characteristics to each indicator, in addition to the three existing ones, and today this classification is known as the "five-factor model".

Here are the five factors that determine the nature of a person, along with the 6 traits that characterize each factor, and some other types of behaviors common to each indicator. We’re sure you’ll be able to spot yourself and your friends among these groups and know which indicator is most influential to you, according to the personality traits you have.


1. Openness to experience

People with an open mind and a high score in the openness index have the following characteristics:

  • They have a rich imagination
  • Believe in the importance of art
  • Feel emotions strongly
  • Prefer diversity over routine
  • Love to solve complicated problems
  • Tend to have left-wing views

According to a 2012 study, open-minded people also like to eat spicy foods at breakfast and spend at least one hour a day daydreaming. They often also curse more around others and consume more organic food; In addition, they are more likely to like to walk around naked at home, to fix their own car, to root for a particular sports group, and to follow it religiously. In addition to all, open-minded people usually speak at least 2 languages.


2. Conscientiousness

People with high scores in the conscientiousness index have the following characteristics:

  • Tend to complete tasks without delay
  • Love order and organization
  • Obey the rules
  • Work hard to achieve their goals
  • Do chores at home regularly
  • Avoid making mistakes as much as possible

In addition, it isn’t surprising to learn that people who suffer from pangs of conscience are those who tend to return things that were lent to them in time and they don’t sleep until after noon. What is surprising to discover is that they take more selfies than others, often with a background of an area considered private to them.


3. Extraversion

People with the highest score in the extrovert index are those who get energy from spending time outdoors with others, and these are their characteristics:

  • It's easy for them to make friendships
  • Love parties and big events
  • They tend to take charge
  • They always have something to do
  • They love excitement
  • Radiate happiness

Extroverts are also often the ones who like dirty jokes, and when driving, they tend to talk on the phone and go over the speed limit. At sporting events, they are the ones that will seem strongest, and during meetings in the office, they will ask the most questions. They also like to sunbathe at the beach and take a dip in the Jacuzzi, and are more likely to agree to volunteer or join a charity organization. A final detail about extroverts is that their refrigerator is usually full of food - more than they really need.


4. Neuroticism

In contrast to the rest of the indices, in this case, the characteristics of those with a low score are noted. People with low emotional stability scores experience more negative emotions than others and have the following six characteristics:

  • Suffer more from anxiety
  • Tend to get irritated easily
  • Feel sad more often
  • Scare easily
  • Tend to overeat
  • Are easily pressured

Neurotic people tend to suffer more than others from depression, they are often less sociable and they also have a tendency to laugh more at the expense of others - it may be because they have a hard time controlling their emotions, and this is a form of release for them. Neurotic people tend to drink more soft drinks than others a day, and there is also a greater chance that they will go on diets to reduce their weight if they have the desired weight.


5. Agreeableness

Friendly and pleasant people with a high score in the agreeableness index tend to meet the following six criteria:
  • Trust others
  • Don’t cheat on taxes
  • Make people feel comfortable in their environment
  • Are easily pleased
  • They don’t like being in the center of things
  • Feel sympathy for the homeless
According to a 2012 study, agreeable people tend to love to eat sweets, so they are not often referred to as "sweet"; It is important to know that unlike them, people who prefer bitter foods often have sociopathic properties. In addition, those who excel in agreeableness are usually inclined to sing in the car or in the shower.
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