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Lotus Flower - History, Symbolism and Growing Tips

 "The lotus flower blooms most beautifully from the deepest mud" - Buddhist Proverb 
 
The lotus flower is one of the most remarkable creations in nature. Its beauty lies in its purity, because this magnificent and rare flower emerges from the bottom of a pond, yet rises above its muddy depths to become a thing of beauty, signifying spiritual elevation and growth. Let's take a closer look at this remarkable flower:
 
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4.3 Red Lotus 
 
 
Lotus Flower Guide

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1. History of the Lotus Flower

The lotus flower is known from the fossil record to have existed between 145.5 million years and 65.5 million years. At that time, it existed in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. As the Earth cooled and dried over time, the flower's habitat shrank significantly, with particular reference to the ice ages that occurred between 1.8 million and 10,000 years ago. It is an indigene of the Old World, and can be found growing from Iran in the west to Japan in the east. In terms of how far north and south it's found, it grows in Kashmir, India, as well as far south as Queensland, Australia. There's even a hardy species of lotus, scientifically named Nelumbo komavorii, which can be found in Vladivostok, Russia. 

2. The Adoption of the Lotus Flower By Various Cultures and Religions

Ancient Egypt is the earliest-known civilization to have revered the lotus flower and used it to symbolize various things, such as fertility, birth and purity. Referred to as Seshen, the lotus flower also represented the sun, as it blossoms at sunrise and closes as the sun goes down. It is also associated with death. The Egyptian Book of the Dead states that a person who has died can be transformed into a lotus with the help of magic spells and charms, symbolizing resurrection and rebirth. It is thought to have arrived in Egypt from India in the 6th Century BC - along one of the ancient trade routes that straddled the eastern and western parts of the old world - but there are some who say that Egyptian lotuses actually originated in Iran. It flourished along the banks of the Nile River, and was later cultivated by the Ancient Greeks, as it was by the Phoenicians and Romans.
The lotus is also considered an embodiment of perfection in various Asian religions, with particular reference to Buddhism and Hinduism. Its unique quality is said to symbolize the human who rises from the darkness of the world into a new way of thinking and living. In addition to their religious significance, they also have various uses in the modern world
 
Lotus Flower Guide
In the Buddhist tradition, the flower that rises above the muddy waters represents the act of ascending above all desires and attachments. According to Buddhism, this is the key to achieving spiritual enlightenment. Despite the flower having its roots in the mud, it grows upward in the direction of light. This is believed to represent the aspiration to rise above and move towards light. The lotus, therefore, symbolizes the journey from darkness (as depicted by the muddy pond) to the light of knowledge or wisdom.
Lotus Flower Guide
In the Hindu tradition, the place in which the lotus flower blossoms (its dark and dirty waters) represents a wise and spiritually-enlightened person, who performs their duty without any material or emotional desires. The ability to detach oneself from such desires enables one to remain unaffected by all worldly pleasures and gain, thus achieving spiritual perfection. At its center, the lotus bud is compared to a folded heart or soul, which has the ability to blossom or awaken to divine truth.
Lotus Flower Guide

3. How to Grow Lotus Flowers 

If you want to grow your very own lotus flowers, here are the basic steps to follow:
1. Place the seeds in a glass of warm water (scar them at one end first).
2. Throw away any seeds that float on the water's surface, because they're likely to be infertile. 
3. Change the water every day while you wait for them to sprout. 
4. Plant the seeds in 4-inch pots filled with good garden loam, making a depression in it and setting one seed in each pot. Cover the root gently with soil or gravel. 
5. The seeds should be kept free of soil if the lotus leaves have already started to grow. 
6. If not, set them in warm water that's no more than 2 inches deep. 
7. Allow the planted seeds to be exposed to as much light as possible.
8. After the water temperature reaches 60 degrees F, plant the lotuses in larger containers without drainage holes.
9. Note that flowers are unlikely to bloom for the first year after planting.
"Growing from the mud and blooming towards the sky,
a lotus symbolizes purity, spiritual awakening, revival and fortune."

4. The Significance of Lotus Colors

The lotus predominantly comes in five different colors, and each has its own spiritual interpretation.

4.1 White Lotus

Lotus Flower Guide: White Lotus
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This enchanting flower is the most revered in the world and is often referred to as the 'womb of the world'. It is said to denote purity of mind, the calmness and serenity of human nature and spiritual perfection.

4.2 Pink Lotus 

Lotus Flower Guide: Pink Lotus
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The delicate pink lotus is associated with the highest deities across cultures and is said to represent the earthly symbol of Buddha. It is also believed to denote the state of a person's mind - a closed bud represents a transition phase towards the path of spirituality, while a full-bloom pink lotus denotes enlightenment. This interpretation explains why quite a number of Hindu gods and goddesses, as well as the Buddha, are often depicted seated on a pink lotus.

4.3 Red Lotus 

Lotus Flower Guide: Red Lotus
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The red lotus represents the heart and symbolizes selfless love, passion, compassion, and kindness. A fully-bloomed red lotus symbolizes a big heart and generosity.

4.4 Blue Lotus 

Lotus Flower Guide: Blue Lotus
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This enchanting lotus signifies wisdom and knowledge, and represents victory over the senses. It holds a special and sacred place in Ancient Egyptian culture, and is rarely found. The blue lotus depicts a person's control over their mind and spirit, enabling them to let go of the materialistic aspirations in life.

4.5 Purple Lotus 

Lotus Flower Guide: Purple Lotus
This mystical flower is associated with esoteric sects, and can be depicted as either an open flower or a bud. The eight petals of the purple lotus are representatives of the noble eight-fold path - one of the principal teachings of the Buddha. Following this path is thought to lead to self awakening.
"Just like the lotus we too have the ability to rise from the mud, bloom out of the darkness and radiate into the world."

5. Watch a Video of a Lotus Flower Blooming

The video below shows a time lapse of the lotus flower blooming, displaying all its glory - truly beautiful!

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