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How to Prevent & Treat Scalp Acne

 Acne is less commonly found on the scalp than on certain other areas of the body, however, it can be just as much of a nightmare. Read on to discover the causes behind scalp acne, as well as how to prevent and treat it.
 

 
 
 
The Causes of Scalp AcneScalp Acne

Scalp acne typically appears as small zits or pimples on the scalp, as well as on the back of the head, both of which can be sore and itchy. Like most kinds of pimples, the ones found on your scalp form after hair follicles or pores get clogged with sebum or dead skin cells. It is also possible for acne to appear after mites, yeast or bacteria have gotten into your pores, causing a reaction.

The most common acne-causing factors include:

• a buildup of products, such as hair gels, leave-in treatments, or hairspray
• oil or dead skin cells clogging your follicles
• not washing your hear after sweating a lot
• not taking the time to wash your hair thoroughly
• sweating while wearing hats or head coverings

The main germs that can cause severe scalp acne include:

• Cutibacterium
• Staphylococcus epidermidids
• Demodex folliculorum
• Staphylococcus aureus
• Propionibacterium acnes
• Yeasts from the Malassezia family

Types of Scalp SpotsScalp Acne

When spots appear on your scalp, they could appear for quite a number of reasons. Here are some of the most common ones:

Scalp folliculitis - this is a condition where bacteria causes your hair follicles to become inflamed and infected, resulting in the appearance of very itchy, small, red bumps.

Seborrheic dermatitis - this is a condition which causes dandruff and can leave the scalp looking red and scaly, which can leave marks that look like pimples if you pick at them.

Pilar cysts - these are hard bumps that are full of keratin, which form beside the hair root. These bumps do not usually have a white head, unlike scalp acne.

How to Prevent Scalp AcneScalp Acne
Having a clean scalp goes a long way towards preventing the appearance of scalp acne. Therefore, the best way to prevent scalp acne is to wash your hair after every workout and whenever it feels oily.
Further ways to reduce the chances of scalp acne appearing are:
• getting enough vitamin A, D, and E, to keep the skin healthy
• wearing loosely-fitting headgear
• switching to natural, hypoallergenic hair care products
• avoiding using too many different hair products
• watching your diet to see what kinds of foods cause flare-ups
How to Treat Scalp AcneScalp Acne
Doctors usually recommend medicated or scalp treatment shampoo to treat scalp acne since they will remove any dirt or excess oil while preventing future buildups from occurring.
Many natural shampoos for scalp acne can be found online, and the most common ingredients they use include:
• tea tree oil
• glycolic acid
• salicylic acid
• ketoconazole
• ciclopirox
• benzoyl peroxide

For more severe cases of scalp acne, your doctor may need to prescribe some of the following treatments:
• steroid injections
• oral antibiotics
• topical antibiotic ointments or steroid creams
• antihistamines
• stronger acne medication, such as isotretinoin
• phototherapy sessions

BONUS: An Expert's Take on Removing Scalp Zits

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