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Top 7 Reasons for Bruising

 Many of us suffer from bruising on our legs or other parts of our bodies for no apparent reason, which causes some of us to worry, while others ignore the problem. If you weren’t aware, the most basic reason for bruising is that you have thin capillaries, but this is usually caused by other more serious problems.


Doctors recommend that you don’t ignore bruises that appear on your body following each of the seven conditions - if you see them, you should consult a hematologist.


1. Lifting heavy weights and weight training

If you have thin blood vessels, lifting weights can cause bruises to appear due to the weakness of blood vessels, which can’t withstand the load. However, weight training can cause problems also for those who don’t suffer from thin vessels, and most often this happens if the body isn’t properly prepared before working out.

Children may also have bruises on their bodies if they carry a particularly heavy bag to school, and even though they aren’t dangerous, they do indicate that their bodies can’t handle the weight, so try to lighten their load a bit.

2. Taking medications

Some drugs affect the blood and blood vessels and can cause very large bruises. This is most often the result of antidepressants, anti-allergy, anti-inflammatory, iron-containing or anti-asthmatic drugs. Aspirin, which is a blood thinner, can cause bruising, and if you notice that a drug is affecting your skin, you should consult your doctor to avoid internal bleeding.


3. Blood diseases

Varicose veins, vulvar disease, thrombocytopenia, and leukemia can cause problems in the bloodstream and cause bruising. If you start noticing bruises on your body that you don’t know how they got there, it is highly recommended that you contact your doctor to make sure that this isn’t a sign of a more serious blood problem.  Also note other symptoms such as pain or swelling in the legs, bleeding gums or nosebleeds.

4. Lack of vitamins and minerals

We all make sure that our children consume enough vitamins, but sometimes we forget about ourselves, and bruises that appear on the skin can certainly indicate that we aren’t consuming enough vitamins. For example, vitamin B12 plays an important role in protecting our blood health. Vitamin K is responsible for blood clotting and vitamin C is responsible for creating new tissues in the blood vessels, without which they can become very fragile - a deficiency of all these causes the formation of bruising.

Another important vitamin you need to make sure you consume is vitamin P - also known as flavonoids - without which the body can’t produce collagen, which causes the blood vessels to become very thin and even harms the health of the skin. Apart from vitamins, an excess or deficiency in iron can also cause bruising. With that being said, don’t rush to take every vitamin on the shelf, consult your doctor first to see which ones you need to take and how you can consume more of them through your diet.


5. Hormonal imbalance

Changes in the body's hormonal balance may also cause bruises on the skin, and usually come when estrogen is lacking. Such a condition occurs mainly in menopause, during pregnancy or when taking drugs containing hormones. Lack of estrogen significantly weakens blood vessel walls, and small capillaries can easily be damaged.

6. Age-related changes

Of all the reasons cited, the most natural cause of bruising is aging. What actually happens is that the blood vessels also age, weaken and lose their elasticity, and thus start to protrude and are easily bruised. Most bruises appear on the legs, and they can be caused by any small bump that would normally not be felt on younger skin.


7. Diabetes

"Sugar" and "blood" are the first things that jump to your head as soon as you think about diabetes, and it has a particularly negative effect on the circulatory system. In fact, one of the first symptoms of diabetes is bruising that appears on the skin for no apparent reason. You should visit your doctor if you notice other symptoms such as wounds that don’t heal as quickly as before, frequent fatigue and blurred vision.


How to distinguish between normal and dangerous bruises

Most of the time, bruises become red immediately after the skin is damaged - because it is the color of the blood under the skin. After a while, the body begins to break down the blood and the bruise turns black, blue or even purple. Within 5-10 days it will become yellow, and at its final stage, 10-14 days after the injury, it will begin to disappear.
Usually, a bruise disappears within two weeks of injury, but if you notice colors that are different from those described or if the bruise does not disappear after two weeks, you should visit your doctor.
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