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Stunning Photocroms of Scotland From the 1890s

 These stunning postcards of Scotland during the end of the 19th century were produced by the Detroit Publishing Company using the Photchrom process, a technique used to apply vibrant and surprisingly realistic color to black and white images.

The process, invented in the 1880s by an employee of a Swiss printing company, involves coating lithographic limestone tablets with a light sensitive emulsion and exposing them to light under a photo negative. For each tint that was used in the final color composite, an additional litho stone is created.

The process was very time-consuming and required painstaking attention to detail, but the result was color postcards which captured the cities, moors, and ruined castles of Scotland with an impressive degree of verisimilitude, particularly during a time when color photography was just being developed.

Click on images to enlarge
Farmers Bring Their Cattle to the Market Town of Dumfries
Highland Cattle
Lincluden Abbey, Dumfries
High Street in Dumfries 
Caerlaverock Castle, First Built in the 13th Century 
The Pier at Dumfries 
The Town of Dunoon 
Glasgow University 
The Island of Ailsa Craig
The Esplanade at Helensburgh 
Inveraray Castle, on the Shores of Loch Fyne 
A River Near Kirkcudbright 
The Coastline Near Macduff
The 12th Century Dunskey Castle Near the Village of Portpatrick
The Harbor at Rothesay 
Linn of Muick, a Waterfall on the River Muick in Aberdeenshire 
The Town of Stirling, as Seen From Abbey Craig
Medieval Dunnottar Castle, near Stonehaven 


15th Century Carrick Castle on Loch Goil
14th Century Threave Castle, near the Town of Castle Douglas
Wallace Monument on Abbey Craig near Stirling, a Monument to Sir William Wallace

Source: mashable
Photos: Library of Congress  

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