What language were the gospels originally written in?
The gospels were written in Koine (common) Greek, which was the international language of much of Europe and Asia since the time of Alexander the Great. It is unknown whether Jesus spoke Greek at all, but many of his time did, and has mother even had a Greek name, Mary. However, Jesus mainly spoke in Aramaic and could read Hebrew.
Jesus gave to Simon the nickname Peter (or Cephas). What does Peter mean?
Jesus said to Simon (Matt. 16:18): “That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.” Given the strong tradition of Peter becoming the first leader of the church in Rome, some Catholics have taken this to indicate the supremacy of the Papacy over the church. Although Peter is revered as a saint throughout Christianity.
Who were the first apostles that began to follow Jesus?
In the Gospel of John, Andrew is one of two of John the Baptist’s followers who join Jesus when John says he is ‘the Lamb of God.’ Andrew immediately tells his brother Simon Peter that he has found the Messiah. In Matthew, Jesus finds Andrew and Simon Peter casting nets and bids them follow him.
Who proclaimed baby Jesus to be the Messiah when he was presented at the Temple?
The aged priest Simeon when witnessing the Holy Infant prophesied in these immortal words (Book of Common Prayer version): ‘Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace according to thy word. For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; To be a light to lighten the Gentiles and to be the glory of thy people Israel.’
Acts was written by the same author as the sequel to which gospel?
Both the Gospel of Luke and Acts were addressed to a man named Theophilus, with Acts recording the events that took place after Jesus’ resurrection. From ancient times these books were ascribed to Luke the Evangelist who was a follower and the physician of Paul the Apostle.
According to the Gospel of John, in an interview with Jesus, what does Pilate famously ask Him without waiting for an answer?
At the end of the interview between the accused Jesus of Nazareth and the Roman governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate, the Gospel reads thus (John 18: 37-38): ‘Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.’
Who is missing from this list of 12 disciples? Andrew, Bartholomew, James the Elder, James the Lesser, John, Judas, Jude, Matthew, Peter, Simon the Zealot, Thomas & ______.
Apostle is a Greek word that was used to describe a messenger. Jesus ordained twelve of these during his ministry to spread his word. The number twelve’s significance is thought derive from the number of Jacob’s (Israel’s) sons, and thus the tribes of Israel.
How did St. Paul escape from the city of Damascus?
Since Luke-Acts was written in Greek for a gentile audience, the text says ‘Jews’ wanted to kill the new convert Paul, possibly for revenge. They watched the gates of Damascus constantly to catch him, so the disciples (who were also Jews) let him down the wall in a basket.
In a basket down the walls of the city.
By bribing the night watch man.
By being disguised as a Pharisee.
In which epistle does St. Paul break into the taunting verse thus: “O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?”
Paul taunts death that it is defeated, in reference to Jesus’ resurrection from the dead and the promise of eternal life to those who hear, accept and live the word of God.
In Matthew, Jesus is reported as saying the Law and the Prophets (meaning the Old Testament) hang on how many commandments?
Jesus was asked this question by one lawyer who wanted to trap him (Matthew 22: 36-40): ‘Master, which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.’