When a gene is 'expressed', it means it is...
Transported around the body to make proteins
Used as a blueprint to assemble the protein it codes for
Passed on from parents to children
Replicated within the cell
Where are most genes in animal, fungal and plant cells found?
In cells, long pieces of DNA are organized into individual units called...
Down Syndrome occurs when...
There's an extra copy of chromosome 21
There's a missing copy of chromosome 21
Being exposed to drugs, alcohol or cigarette smoke during pregnancy
DNA is made up of repeating sub-units. These are called...
True or False: In the United States, it is currently legal to patent genes.
The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that human genes cannot be patented in the U.S. because DNA is a "product of nature."
Which scientist is considered the father of the science of genetics?
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Type A blood is dominant to Type O blood. Is it possible for a man and a woman, each with Type A blood, to have a child that is Type O?
Yes, if both parents carry a recessive gene for O blood.
No, with A dominant in both people it is not possible.
True or False: The DNA in the skin cells of your hand is significantly different in sequence from the DNA in your liver cells.
All cells in our body hold our entire genome sequence
A Phenotype refers to the ______of an individual.
Phenotype is the real life expression of a gene. Think of it as the building when the gene is the blueprint.
Actual physical appearance
What is the shape of a DNA molecule called?