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10 Historical Sites in England


 When traveling a historically rich place like England, you absolutely cannot miss out on its historical sites. These places can be found on the list of UNESCO’s National Heritage Sites. All of the places you will see in the following article show the ancient England that we’ve all heard stories about, and are considered to be popular tourist sites that should not be skipped while vacationing there. So get to know the 10 places in England that have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO which will allow you embark on a journey in time to its fascinating past: 

 

1. Blenheim Palace

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The Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, served as the residence of the Dukes of Marlborough and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987. The building itself was built between 1705-1722 and its appearance conforms to the construction conventions of England in the early 18th century. However, compared to other luxurious residences of the same style, Blenheim Palace also features a mausoleum, and is best known as the birthplace of former British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. Around the palace, there is an enormous park that contains several gardens, including an Italian garden, a French garden and a beautifully landscaped and relaxing garden that all serve as attractions.

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2. The city of Bath 

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Bath is 156 km west of London and was built in the Avon Valley, around the only hot springs in England, during the Roman period. During the Georgian period, it became a very popular resort, which led to its expansion. The city of Bath is considered one of the most beautiful in England, and in 1987 Bath was declared a World Heritage Site and now has theaters, museums, and many other cultural sites, attracting about 3.8 million visitors each year.

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Jurassic Coast, located on the English Channel coast, was declared a World Heritage Site in 2001 and stretches for 155 kilometers to the Old Harry Rocks located in East Dorset, and there is a very pleasant walk path called the Southwest Coast Trail, Which records a geological history of more than 180 million years. There you will find the highest point on all of England's golden coast - an impressive 191 meters above sea level.

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The Norman Durham castle was built in the 11th century and declared a World Heritage Site together with the nearby cathedral in 1986. The castle was built as part of the Norman takeover of northern England in the 11th century when the population was "wild and unstable," It was necessary to defend itself and stabilize the government. Durham Cathedral stands in place of the "White Church" built during the 10th century and was the basis for its construction. This is a very popular destination for tourists, from which you can view Durham and the surrounding area from the 66th floor of the cathedral.

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5. The City of Liverpool 

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Liverpool is the second largest port city in the whole of Britain, but in 2004 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its importance to the development of world trade and the unique use of its docks. In Liverpool, you can find the Merseyside Maritime Museum, the Museum of Life, and Tate Liverpool, an art gallery designed to showcase the works of the Isaiah Tate. In 2008 Liverpool was chosen as the capital of European culture, and 750 million pounds were invested in it to improve its appearance by renovating.

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In 1986, UNESCO declared Ironbridge Gorge a World Heritage Site, with five major sites in this area giving it its title: the town of Coalbrookdale, which has a local Iron Age history museum; the town of Ironbridge, named after the Iron Bridge built over the River Severn; High Brook Valley, where there is a museum called “Blists Hills Victorian Town”; Jackfield Village, which is located on the south bank of the Severn; and the town of Coalport, which has a pottery and porcelain museum.

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The Kew Gardens are the most famous botanical gardens in the world and were built in 1759 as the private and exotic gardens of Lord Chapel. The gardens were expanded over time and in 1840 they were declared the Royal Botanic Gardens of Britain. In 2003, the gardens became part of UNESCO's World Heritage List, and now have the largest collection of vegetation in the world. Furthermore, a library of more than 750,000 volumes, with a collection of illustrations depicting more than 175,000 different plant species, is located here.

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The Fountains Monastery is a Cistercian monastery that entered the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986 along with nearby Studley Royal Park. Its building began in 1132 and ended in the 16th century, and the monastery flourished for 400 years until today it is considered the largest monastery in all of Britain. The monastery’s great Chapel of Altars, its vast kitchen, its organization, and character all attest to the many feudal richness and power it once had.

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Studley Royal Park was built and opened around the ruins of the Fountains Monastery, which has buildings dating back to the 18th century such as the Studley Royal Water Garden. The park was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986 and has several interesting historical places, including St. Mary's Church, the Reindeer Park, the previously mentioned water garden, and the Fountains Monastery, built during the 12th century and considered the oldest building In the area of the estate and also the only one to not have been damaged till present day.

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10. Tower of London

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The Tower of London lies on the northern bank of the River Thames and was erected during the second part of the 11th century as part of the British conquest by the Normans. The fort was damaged during the Blitz that took place during World War II, but it was repaired immediately after the end of the war, and then opened to visitors. In 1988 it was declared a World Heritage Site. Today the Tower of London is considered the most popular tourist attraction in London.
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